A natural tooth has two main components: The Crown and the root. The crown is the visible part of the tooth and the root is located below the gumline, in the bone of the jaw. Implantology is the branch of dentistry dedicated to dental implants. The dental implant is an artificial tooth root that is inserted into the jawbone (either the maxilla or the mandible). It often takes the form of a screw that is composed of titanium or titanium alloy.
Dento-alveolar surgery is a category of surgical procedures that treat conditions and diseases of the teeth as well as the soft and hard tissue surrounding the teeth. Extraction is the most common type of dento-alveolar surgery. It may be recommended as a treatment for teeth that are crowded, diseased beyond restoration, impacted, unerupted, or supernumerary (extra).
Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that specializes in treating patients with improper positioning of teeth when the mouth is closed (malocclusion), which results in an improper bite. Orthodontics also includes treating and controlling various aspects of facial growth (dentofacial orthopedics) and the shape and development of the jaw.
Endodontics is the branch of dentistry concerning dental pulp and tissues surrounding the roots of a tooth. “Endo” is the Greek word for “inside” and “odont” is Greek for “tooth.” Endodontic treatment, or root canal treatment, treats the soft pulp tissue inside the tooth.
Dental aesthetics (also known as cosmetic dentistry) is one of the most complex branches of dentistry. It refers to a host of dental treatments designed to enhance the smile and correct chipped, cracked, discoloured and unevenly spaced teeth.
Dental radiology is the core diagnostic modality of veterinary dentistry. Dental radiographs assist in detecting hidden painful pathology, estimating the severity of dental conditions, assessing treatment options, providing intraoperative guidance, and also serve to monitor success of prior treatments.
Pediatric dentistry refers is dedicated to the oral health of children from infancy through the teen years. It encompasses the experience and qualifications to care for a child’s teeth, gums, and mouth throughout the various stages of childhood.
Dental tourism (also called dental vacations or commonly known as dental holidays) is a subset of the sector known as medical tourism. It involves individuals seeking dental care outside their local healthcare systems and may be accompanied by a vacation.